Tuesday, 28 April 2015

The Feast of Saint Catherine of Sienna

O God, who set Saint Catherine of Siena on fire with divine love in her contemplation of the Lord's Passion and her service or your Church, grant, through her intercession, that your people, participating in the mystery of Christ, may ever exult in the revelation of his glory. Who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, on God, for ever and ever.

O great St. Catherine of Siena, glory of the Dominican Order, who served the sick and suffering in time of plague and brought back the exiled popes from Avignon to Rome, pray for us that we may have some measure of your courage and self sacrifice. Amen

Blessed be the name of God!

Saint Catherine of Sienna, pray for us, for Italy, for all Dominicans and for Pope Francis.

The American 1928 Book of Common Prayer

For many American Anglicans, the 1928 edition of the Book of Common Prayer is the definitive edition of the prayer book. For them, it is central to their experience of Anglicanism. On the other hand, some Evangelical Anglicans dislike the 1928 BCP because of its more catholic rite of communion.

The current printing is beautifully bound and comes in a card slipcase. It has two page-markers, which are quite sufficient given the simplicity of the Book of Common Prayer structure.

While the language generally follows the 1662, some of the archaisms are updated (spare thou them becomes spare thou those). Oddly, the Benedicte, omnia opera Domini removes the line about Ananias, Azarias, and Misael. Did the compilers of the US 1928 prayer book really have a greater phobia about addressing saints than the 1662 bishops?

Unlike the 1662 book, this has introductory verses for the daily office that are seasonally themed. I like the fact that it offers the shorter Benedictus es, Domine as an alternative to the Te Deum and the Benedicte, omnia. I often find the latter too canticles frustratingly long if I am in a hurry in the morning. The Customary of Our Lady of Walsingham follows it in providing this option. I was surprised to find that it also offers the Nicene Creed as an alternative to the Apostles' Creed in morning and evening prayer. The Lord's prayer is said only once in morning and evening prayer. In evening prayer, an extra two psalms are offered as alternatives to the Magnificat and the Nunc Diminitas.

Unsurprisingly, prayers for the Sovereign and the Royal Family are replaced by prayers for the president and state governor. The General Thanksgiving and the Prayer for all Conditions of Men are included as part of the daily office, rather than in separate sections, as they are in the 1662 book. A much more comprehensive and useful set of occasional prayers are included in this than the ones in the 1662 prayer book.

One very interesting feature of this BCP edition is the inclusion of an order of prayer for family morning and evening prayer in the home. While the daily office is perfectly fine for private prayer, this family prayer order might be more convenient for busy families. An even shorter order of family prayer is included for those very pressed for time.

I think this is a very worthy member of the prayer book family.

Monday, 27 April 2015

Daily Telegraph: Business is speaking up against leaving the EU. Will the 'outers' listen?

Daily Telegraph: Business is speaking up against leaving the EU. Will the 'outers' listen?

Article by Peter Wilding, director of British Influence

'In contrast, business leaders - from the City to manufacturing, from transport to the university sector, based anywhere from the Square Mile to the other side of the world - are now sounding daily warnings about the uncertainty which would be caused by a spluttering Europe policy. Many are also explicit about the danger of the country accidentally slipping out of Europe by giving a bad-tempered answer to a skewed question, asked at a random time and for the most ill-advised of all political reasons in the history of modern democracy: to keep the media and a clutch of europhobes "happy".

When each intervention is taken individually, it has been easy for "outer" organisations like Business for Britain, and Ukip wannabes like Dan Hannan MEP, to dismiss or denigrate, through the usual feat of combined shamelessness and distortion. Somehow – have you noticed? – it is always the wrong kind of business sounding the alarm.

They’re the "fat cats", or the global corporations, or the scheming SMEs "corrupted" by EU funds, or the iniversities who "benefit from EU money and students" or "large exporters", or those who "were wrong on the Euro" - evil people and companies all. What do they know (apart from what’s good for investment and job-creation)? Why should they speak? And my personal favourite: how dare they "tell the people what to do"?

Taken collectively, however, the drip-feed of reasonable, unemotional, self-preserving interventions are harder to minimise or discredit. They are now a waterfall, the sheer noise of which has become difficult to ignore.'

Daily Telegraph: Not all tenants are equal. Perhaps Ed Miliband is talking to the right people on rent

Daily Telegraph: Not all tenants are equal. Perhaps Ed Miliband is talking to the right people on rent

Article by Matthew Holehouse

'When Mrs Thatcher initiated the (revolutionary, innovative) policy, social tenants regarded themselves as increasingly middle-class, and wealthy, and craved property ownership, and were therefore ripe for conversion to the Tory cause

There is no like-for-like demographic data in the 1980s, but the DCLG data we have today might suggest the well of votes has run dry here.
There are 3.7 million households who rent from housing associations and councils. They aren't very well-off, but they are pretty happy with their housing.

Two-thirds are in receipt of housing benefit; 23 per cent have a tenant in full-time work; a third earn less than £200 a week, and just eight per cent more than £700. Some 82 per cent think it is a “good way” to occupy a home; 80 per cent think they will stay in the sector long term (i.e., they are quite happy where they are.) In short, these may not be natural Tory voters.

You have to ask which set of tenants is more likely to vote when offered the inducement of home ownership? Is Ed Miliband is backing a better horse?'

Saturday, 25 April 2015

Creed Code Cult: Understanding Jesus’ Cry of Abandonment

Creed Code Cult: Understanding Jesus’ Cry of Abandonment

So the original Protestant leaders themselves clearly understood this ‘cry of abandonment’ to mean Jesus underwent not merely physical death, but rather more specifically spiritual death (spiritual abandonment), damnation, which is the epitome of God’s wrath being poured out upon a person.

While it is somewhat understandable to see how unlearned readers could come to this (mis)interpretation of Christ’s words, it is irresponsible and dangerous for learned men to emphasize this “interpretation,” since it is (materially) blasphemous and heretical to posit disunity between the Persons of the Trinity. Furthermore, such a notion is nowhere supported by any Scriptures, which is why so many Protestants desperate to salvage Faith Alone will cling desperately to this single verse, devoid of any context or openness to alternative interpretations.

Daily Telegraph: When the Conservatives speak to the English, they're mostly talking to white people

Daily Telegraph: When the Conservatives speak to the English, they're mostly talking to white people

Article by James Kirkup

'Why non-white people prefer Britishness to Englishness is not something I feel qualified to comment on, since I haven't seen much research on the issue. So I'll stick to the political implications of those numbers instead of their causes.
For one thing, an overtly English Conservative Party may struggle to address its recent underperformance among non-white voters.

British Future, another first-rate think-tank, recently highlighted that disparity: 16 per cent of non-white Britons vote Tory, and 68 per cent for Labour.

In an analysis shared by some senior Tories, British Future suggests that unless the party can shed its "stale and pale" image, it will forever fail to win a convincing majority in parliament - not least because Britain is becoming less white too. Policy Exchange estimates that Britain will be 30 per cent non-white by 2050. That will presumably mean an associated reduction in the proportion of the population defining themselves as English.

Could the current Tory embrace of England and pursuit of English votes be another example of short-term electoral tactics working against the party's long-term strategic interests?'

The Conservative Party really does need to think about how it can become more inclusive.

Signs of Life, by Scott Hahn

Scott Hahn, Signs of Life: 40 Catholic Customs and their Biblical Roots, 2009 DoubleDay

In the introduction of this book, Scott Hahn points out that for Catholics, there is always something to do. This is so true and one of the reasons I fell in love with Catholicism. We have so many rich devotional practices- candles, novennas, morning offerings, the rosary and others. These all enable us to bring our faith into every minute of the day from morning until the night. In Signs of Life, Scott Hahn demonstrates the value of these pious practices and demonstrates their Biblical foundations. While Hahn has written much on what Catholics believe, this book is about how the Catholic life is lived out.

I think this is a very valuable book, though I was disappointed that Hahn does not include a chapter on the Liturgy of the Hours. I get the impression that many devout Catholics are not even aware of the Liturgy of the Hours, so it would have been helpful for the author to have introduced them to the divine office.

The Feast of Saint Mark the Evangelist

O ALMIGHTY God, who hast instructed thy holy Church with the heavenly
doctrine of thy Evangelist Saint Mark; Give us grace that. being not like
children carried away with every blast of vain doctrine, we may be established
in the truth of thy holy Gospel; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Saint Mark, pray for us, and for the Christians of Egypt.

Friday, 24 April 2015

Praying to Saints and the Humanity of Christ

A common Protestant objection to prayers to saints argues that it is impossible for Mary and other saints to hear and respond to countless prayers from all over the world. The argument goes like this:

1. Millions of people pray to Saint X in a single hour.
2. It is impossible for an human mind to respond to millions of prayers in a single hour.
3. Therefore prayer to saints is a futile activity.

However, I would offer a counter-argument.

1. Jesus has an human mind.
2. Jesus responds to millions of prayers in a single hour.
3. Therefore a human mind can respond to millions of prayers in a single hour.

Now I expect the Protestant would laugh off this objection with the simple response that Jesus is God and therefore able to answer prayers. However, by offering such a response, she would be falling into the classic theological trap of Nestorianism, the division of Christ's humanity from His deity.

To say that Christ only knows us and intercedes for us in His deity is to divide and deny the God-Man. His humanity and His deity are united in purpose and activity. If Christ's humanity is able to know all of His people. then it is able to hear and answer their prayers.

I would therefore suggest that a human mind that is deified through participation in the glory of God is able to comprehend all the prayers that she receives and to bring the before the throne of God.

Thursday, 23 April 2015

Shameless Popery: Is Praying to the Saints Idolatrous?

Shameless Popery: Is Praying to the Saints Idolatrous?

There is one remaining hurdle: gut feeling. For many Protestants and former Protestants, praying to the Saints just feels wrong. It’s a feeling that cuts deeper than rational argument, and their conscience just isn’t at peace with the idea. Here, mutual respect and love are called for. In the early Church, converts from Judaism couldn’t bring themselves to eat meat sacrificed to idols. Even if they logically knew it wasn’t idolatry, it still felt wrong. Paul’s reaction (in Romans 14-15 and elsewhere) was to call both sides to stop judging each other. He acknowledged that everything had been made clean, but still called upon the Gentiles to respect the scruples of their Jewish brethren; likewise, the Jews couldn’t force their scruples upon the Gentiles (Rom. 14:2-4). All were entreated to follow their conscience, since violating conscience is a sin (Rom. 14:5, 14, 23).

We would do well to follow that model. Praying to Mary and the Saints is Biblically sound, and spiritually beneficial, but it’s not obligatory. If someone’s conscience won’t allow them to do so, be gentle and generous with them. Protestants, don’t force your scruples on your Catholic brethren. Catholics, don’t needlessly scandalize your Protestant brethren. Love one another.

ἀναστόμωσις: TULIP

ἀναστόμωσις: TULIP:

Unconditional Election: "... God does not base his choice (election) of certain individuals on anything other than his own good will."
Catholicism: "What would a Catholic say about this? He certainly is free to disagree with the Calvinist interpretation, but he also is free to agree. All Thomists and even some Molinists (such as Robert Bellarmine and Francisco Suarez) taught unconditional election ... Although a Catholic may agree with unconditional election, he may not affirm "double-predestination," a doctrine Calvinists often infer from it. This teaching claims that in addition to electing some people to salvation God also sends others to damnation."
Article XVII: "Predestination to Life is the everlasting purpose of God, whereby (before the foundations of the world were laid) he hath constantly decreed by his counsel secret to us, to deliver from curse and damnation those whom he hath chosen in Christ out of mankind, and to bring them by Christ to everlasting salvation, as vessels made to honour."

Catholicism is not so far apart from Calvinism as Calvinists tend to think. I have actually become less hostile to Calvinism than I was when I was a Protestant.

The Feast of Saint George

ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, who didst strengthen thy blessed martyr George with the virtue of constancy in faith and truth: Grant us in like manner for love of thee to despise the prosperity of this world, and to fear none of its adversities; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Saint George, pray for us, for England, for Georgia and for all soldiers.

Tuesday, 21 April 2015

The Feast of Saint Anselm

O GOD, who hast enlightened thy Church by the teaching of thy servant Anselm: Enrich us evermore, we beseech thee, with thy heavenly grace, and raise up faithful witnesses who by their life and doctrine will set forth the truth of thy salvation; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Saint Anselm pray for us, and for England.

Monday, 20 April 2015

Tekton Ticker: The Puritan Files: John Owen

Tekton Ticker: The Puritan Files: John Owen:

'Owen later refers to reason as "corrupted and depraved," although like most who make this objection, he does not explain why his own reason -- used to arrive at this conclusion -- is not so corrupt that his conclusion cannot be trusted. However, to be fair, such sentiments are mild and infrequent by Owen. '

Saturday, 18 April 2015

Modern English Version Bible (MEV)

MEV Thinline Reference Bible, 2014 Charisma House

As a Protestant, I was a defender of the King James Bible. Not exactly KJV-Only, but I loved the King James Bible and distrusted modern translations. I was convinced that the Byzantine Majority Text underlying the KJV New Testament was superior to the Alexandrian critical text. I'm a Catholic now and own three different Catholic Bibles, but I still love the King James Bible and I am still not quite convinced by the methodology of textual critics.

When I announcement of the publishing of the MEV, still a Protestant, I was very excited. I was deeply interested in seeing another modern translation of the Textus Receptus alongside the NKJV. I decided that I would buy this Bible once it came out. However, it was not long after this announcement that I decided I was going to cross the Tiber and buying Catholic Bibles became more of a priority.

After I had acquired two Catholic Bibles (Douay-Rheims and NRSV), I felt it would be alright to buy a copy of the MEV.

While I will always prefer traditional language Bibles, I think the MEV is a decent and reliable modern translation. With its literal translation of the text it is a great choice for Bible study. I would say that it follows the King James Bible much more closely than the New King James version. References are included in the central column.

I'd like to see more Evangelicals using this Bible instead of the ESV. The impression I get, however, is that so far this Bible has not managed to get much of a corner of the Bible market. The ESV still maintains its dominance as the choice for serious Bible study among conservative Evangelicals and it's unlikely to win over those who want a dynamic translation like the NIV or NLT.

Daily Telegraph: The Tories must unleash their secret weapon. Spoiler: it's David Cameron

Daily Telegraph: The Tories must unleash their secret weapon. Spoiler: it's David Cameron

Article by Ian Birrell

This is an enthralling battle for Britain’s future. Yet the Tories seem reliant on the idea that a much-heralded shift in the polls will appear in the dog days of the contest, driven by concerns over Mr Miliband. Certainly, there is a small undecided slice of the electorate – perhaps three in every 100 voters – who instinctively dislike the Conservative Party, but trust it on the economy and prefer the Prime Minister to his Labour rival. These people could hold the difference between victory and defeat. They will need more than barbs and brickbats to win over.

Mr Cameron is famously at his best in deep water. Now he needs to put aside any caution, renew his sense of purpose, unleash his optimism and prove his desire to remain in office. As one leading Labour light said: “It is Cameron’s for the taking if he looks like he wants it.”

Thursday, 16 April 2015

The Feast of Saint Bernadette

Prayer of St. Bernadette

Let the crucifix be not only in my eyes and on my breast, but in my heart.
O Jesus! Release all my affections and draw them upwards. Let my crucified heart sink forever into yours and bury itself in the mysterious wound made by the entry of the lance.

Saint Bernadette, pray for us and for France.

Sunday, 12 April 2015

A Case for Amilliennialism, by Kim Riddlebarger

Kim Riddlebarger, A Case for Amillennialism: Understanding the End Times, 2003 Baker Books

When considering converting to Roman Catholicism, the questionI was of the Millennium was actually a bigger stumbling block for me than any of the Marian dogmas. As a Protestant I was a firmly convinced Premillennialist and was well aware that Millennialism was not a part of Catholic eschatological teaching.

In 1944, the Holy Office stated that Millennialism "cannot be taught safely." This is certainly not saying that Premillennialism is an heresy or that it cannot be held by Catholics as a private opinion. Nevertheless, Premillennialism is not a part of Catholic teaching and to my knowledge no Catholics since the Anti-Nicene Fathers have held to it. I therefore felt I needed to persuade myself of Amillennialism, the denial of a literal thousand year reign. Hence, I read this work of Reformed theology.

Riddlebarger offers some compelling Biblical arguments against Premillennialism (and also Postmillennialism). His arguments are not tied in to any particular method of interpreting the Apocalypse, though he favours a form of Parallelism or Idealist interpretation of that book. Riddlebarger makes reference to two important works of Reformed Biblical scholarship, The Pauline Eschatology by Geerhardus Vos and Resurrection and Redemption, by Richard Gaffin. These two books offer a valuable understanding of the New Testatment concept of the Last Days, arguing that the resurrection of Christ inaugurates a new eschatological era.

Telegraph: Voters don't like Ed Miliband, but they like nasty Tories even less

Telegraph: Voters don't like Ed Miliband, but they like nasty Tories even less

Article by Graeme Archer

It must be tempting, in the crucible of an Either/Or election which currently appears stalemated, for the Conservatives to go for the man. But while voters' views of Mr Miliband's character appear settled - and strongly negative - I'm not convinced it does the Tory side much good to bring it up. It's my biggest concern about the importation of Lynton Crosby to run the Tory campaign.

Perhaps this doesn't translate into Australian: it's possible to think something quite harsh of a person, yet to feel discomfort at another man, should he utter one's thoughts out loud. Tory politicians should leave the judgement of Mr Miliband's character to the secrecy of the polling booth, where our thoughts can magically become crosses, without any unkind words being heard.

The Feast of Saint Sabbas the Goth

O Lord our God, Thy holy Martyr Sabbas has gained crowns of immortality through his contest. Armed with Thy strength he overcame his persecutors and crushed the demons' might. Through his prayers, O Christ our God, save our souls.

Saint Sabbas the Goth, pray for us and for Romania.

Monday, 6 April 2015

The Feast of Saint Tikhon of Moscow

Almighty God, who gave to thy servant Tikhon boldness to confess the Name of our Saviour Jesus Christ before the rulers of this world, and courage to suffer for this faith: Grant that we may always be ready to give a reason for the hope that is in us, and to suffer gladly for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ; who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

Saint Tikhon, pray for us, for America and for Russia.

Saint Tikhon will be of interest to those who love the Anglican Book of Common Prayer. The Liturgy of Saint Tikhon is an adaptation of the Book of Common Prayer in line with Eastern Orthodox doctrine. While Tikhon was not the author of this Western Rite liturgy, it had his authorization and blessing.

The Feast of Saint Celestine I

O God, the light of the faithful, and shepherd of souls, who didst set blessed Saint Celestine I to be a Bishop and Pope in the Church, that he might feed thy sheep by his word and guide them by his example: Grant us, we pray thee, to keep the faith which he taught, and to follow in his footsteps; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Saint Celestine, pray for us and for Pope Francis, that the Holy Father would steadfastly oppose all heresies.

Having chosen Saint Celestine I to be my patron as a new Catholic, I am thrilled that his feast was only two days after my confirmation.

Sunday, 5 April 2015

33 Day Consecration to Jesus through Mary

John Pridmore and Niall Slattery, 33 Day Consecration to Jesus through Mary: Inspired by St. Louis Marie de Montfort, Catholic Truth Society, 2015

Last week I completed the 33 day consecration to Mary using this CTS booklet. I am now a slave of the Blessed Virgin. I am sure in time I will see the spiritual fruit of this course. You are supposed to do the 33 day course at such a time that it concludes with one of the Marian feasts. However, I decided to start it anyway and end a few days before Easter. I felt this would be a good Lenten discipline and an excellent preparation for being received into the Catholic Church.

I read St. Louis De Montfort's book True Devotion to Mary a few months ago. He says a lot about the importance of true devotion to Mary, but it's not always clear from his book how one is supposed to live out such true devotion. This booklet provides an easy and clear pathway to consecrate oneself to Our Lady according to De Montfort's pattern.

The first twelve days of this devotion concern the renouncing of the world. The next seven days cover the knowledge of self. The next, the knowledge of Mary, the final concern the knowledge of Jesus Christ. On each day of the consecration, a theme is given. After praying for the Holy Spirit three times through the intercession of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, we look at a reading from De Montfort, then a reflection and we make a specific resolution. After this we say a set of liturgical prayers at the back of the booklet.

This is a delightful resource from the Catholic Truth Society and seems a great way to foster Marian devotion. My only complaint would be that the poetic translation of some of the prayers at the end are in horrible English. This complaint is unfortunately typical of Catholic liturgical and devotional resources.

Saturday, 4 April 2015

My confirmation name is....


After Saint Celestine I, the pope who supported Cyril of Alexandria's opposition to Nestorianism at the Council of Ephesus in 430 AD.

I partly chose this because it is like my username and sounds very nice, but I also think Saint Celestine was a pope worthy of admiration.

Saint Celestine, pray for all who are received into the Catholic Church this Easter Vigil.

I am now a Catholic

I was received into the Catholic Church, confirmed and given first communion at tonight's Easter Vigil Mass.

Ten other people were received into the Catholic Church with me, including a man from a Muslim background and another from an Hindu background. A couple who were to be received were unable to attend because the wife had given birth to a baby girl today.

Thanks for all your prayers.

The Feast of Saint Zosimas of Palestine

Let us the faithful praise Zosimas the offspring of the wilderness, / The angel in the flesh and the boast of monastics. / With him, let us acclaim holy Mary of Egypt / Whose life transcended the limits of nature. / Together, let us cry to them: / Glory to him who strengthened you! / Glory to him who sanctified you! / Glory to him who through you works healing for all!

Let us all praise the righteous Zosimas, the boast of monastics, / And with him, Mary who in the desert lived the angelic life. / Let us cry to them in faith: / Deliver from harm and corrupting passions, / Those who celebrate your radiant memory!

Saint Zosimas, pray for us, and for the Christians of the Middle East.

The Prayer of Jonah

Every Holy Saturday I read Jonah chapter 2 and Jonah's prayer:

[1] Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. [2] And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish. [3] And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice. [4] And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me. [5] And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.

[6] The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head. [7] I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God. [8] When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple. [9] They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy. [10] But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.

We all know that Jonah's consumption by the fish is a type of Christ being buried. Yet the type is probably stronger than most Christians think. In this prayer, Jonah speaks about being in hell and going down into the depths of the Earth. I would suggest that this implies very strongly that Jonah drowned and literally died in the sea. Thus, he was literally raised from the dead. This answers the obvious question of how he survived inside the fish- he didn't!

Of course, a lot of Catholics regard the story of Jonah as divinely inspired fiction. The otherwise excellent Peter Kreeft takes this view, arguing that the heavy use of irony in Jonah is evidence of its fictionality. Of course, John's Gospel is full of irony, but I don't think Peter Kreeft regards that as fiction. Do Bible critics really doubt the factuality of Jonah on literary grounds and not out of incredulity? I am just amazed at how willing devout and orthodox Catholics are so willing to give a pass to every assertion by infidel Bible critics.

Friday, 3 April 2015


I have made it my tradition to always listen to Wagner's Parsifal on Good Friday. What else would one listen to on Good Friday, but the glorious Good Friday Chorus in Parsifal?

Parsifal is my favorite of Wagner's Operas. The ideas behind it are a bit dodgy, but I just love the cinematic power of the music in this one. It's perfect to listen to on a wet and dreary Good Friday.

The Third Collect for Good Friday

O Merciful God, who hast made all men, and hatest nothing that thou hast made, nor wouldest the death of a sinner, but rather that he should be converted and live: Have mercy upon all Jews, Turks, Infidels and Hereticks, and take from them all ignorance, hardness of heart, and contempt of thy word: and so fetch them home, blessed Lord, to thy flock, that they may be saved among the remnant of the true Israelites, and be made one fold under one shepherd, Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Spirit, one God, world without end. Amen.

Book of Common Prayer 1662